Shops and Commercial Establishments Act - India

Most businesses in India and their workforce come under the Shops and Establishments Act (SEA). This act regulates many aspects of work-life, including wages, working hours, holidays, earned leaves, child labour, women's rights, and more.

This article provides a bird's view of the Shops and Establishments Act across most states. As a result, while there are broad similarities amongst the acts for various states, the specifics differ from state to state. Be sure to check on the state level page for accurate information about the state.

Unlike the Factories Act, there is no central labour act for shops. Each of the states has its own Shops Acts based on a model code.

Shops Act Ready Reckoner

Select a state from the list below to see information for that state.

Shops & Establishments Acts For Various States

Click on the states given below for detailed information on various state-wise shop acts.

A Brief History

Labour laws came into existence to protect the workers' rights, ensure safe working conditions and regulate the affairs of companies and the workforce. In India, different acts exist for different types of industries and work environments.

The Shops and Establishments Act has its roots far back into the 19th century Industrial Age in Europe. The rights and protections are a culmination of a slow struggle for each of these rights over centuries.

When India gained independence and various new states formed, the Shops Act was enacted by each state based on a shared model code. For example, The Maharashtra Shops and Establishments Act came into force as early as 1948.

In 2016, the Government of India produced a revised and updated Model Shops & Establishments Act for adoption by the states. Once again, Maharashtra is a trailblazer state to have adopted the new Model SEA 2016.

It is expected that more states will adopt and upgrade the decades-old acts in keeping with the changing needs of businesses.

Applicability

The Shops and Establishments Act applies to most businesses, excluding some concerns like factories, mines, etc.The act covers:

  • retail establishments like stores, malls, warehouses, etc.
  • eateries, hotels, movie multiplexes, amusement parks,
  • amusement and entertainment
  • service organizations like finance, healthcare, pharma, hospitality, etc.
  • IT companies

What areas does the Shops Act cover?

The Shops Acts for various state are all similar and cover different labour rights like:

  • working hours
  • rest days and period of rest
  • paid annual leaves (earned, sick and casual leaves)
  • wages and compensation
  • overtime
  • children and women's employment

The businesses covered under the Shops Act have many obligations and compliances like:

  • prompt registration of the business
  • period renewal of the registration
  • keeping the labour department updated about org changes, closure, etc.
  • display of public notices and certificates
  • issuing of appointment letters
  • maintenance of various registers and records

Consequences for Non-Compliance

Apart from detailing the various procedures to be followed, a key component of any regulatory law is laying down the penalties and punishments for various offences.

Notifications

Clarification from MoHFW on vaccination drive

21 May, 2021
The Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW) has clarified to consider the coverage of family members and dependents of the workers in the Employers driven vaccinations.
Read More →

Notifications

Madhya Pradesh Udyogon Ki Sthapna Evam Parichalan Ka Saralikaran Adhyadesh, 2023

27 Jan, 2023
The Governor of Madhya Pradesh has promulgated by ordinance, the Madhya Pradesh Udyogon Ki Sthapna Evam Parichalan Ka Saralikaran Adhyadesh, 2023, providing exemption from approvals and inspections for establishing and operating an industrial unit in Madhya Pradesh. Please refer to the notification for more details

Jammu & Kashmir Holidays List - 2023

30 Dec, 2022
The Government of Jammu & Kashmir Union Territory has released its list of Holidays (Provincial, Local, Restricted) for the year 2023.

Exemption under Himachal Pradesh Shops Act

28 Dec, 2022
The Government of Himachal Pradesh, considering the heavy rush of tourists on the occasion of new year, with effect from 28 Dec 2022 to 02 Jan 2023, has exempted all shops and establishments from the operation of Section 8 (Intervals for meals or rest), Section 9 (Opening and Closing hours), and Section 10 (Close day) under the Himachal Pradesh Shops and Commercial Establishment Act, 1969.

West Bengal's single window portal for registration, renewal

27 Dec, 2022
The Government of West Bengal has mandated all applications for registrations and licenses, under various labour legislations, to be made through the State Single Window Silpasathi Portal.

Manipur List of Holidays - 2023

21 Dec, 2022
The Government of Manipur has released its list of holidays for the year 2023.

Madhya Pradesh State List of Holidays - 2023

19 Dec, 2022
The Government of Madhya Pradesh has released the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Chandigarh List of Holidays - 2023

16 Dec, 2022
The Government of Chandigarh has released its list of Holidays for the year 2023.

Andhra Pradesh State List of Holidays - 2023

15 Dec, 2022
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has declared the list of public holidays for the year 2023.

Punjab Holidays List - 2023

13 Dec, 2022
The Government of Punjab has released its list of holidays for the year 2023.

Jharkhand List of Holidays - 2023

13 Dec, 2022
The Jharkhand Goverment has released the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Telangana Holidays List - 2023 (under NFH Act)

12 Dec, 2022
The Telangana Government has released its list of holidays for the year under 2023 under the National Festival and Other Holidays Act applicable to the employees of Shops and Establishments.

Manipur State List of Holidays - 2023

12 Dec, 2022
The Government of Manipur has published the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Haryana Holidays List - 2023

09 Dec, 2022
The Government of Haryana has released the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Paid Holiday for General Election in Haryana

09 Dec, 2022
The Government of Haryana, on account of the General Elections for Panch of Ward No. 5, Gram Panchayat Rukhi Khas, Block Gohana, District Sonipat, has declared paid holiday on 13 December 2022 for the eligible employees, working in the Shops & Establishments.

Andhra Pradesh Holidays List - 2023

03 Dec, 2022
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has released the list of holidays for the employees of Shops and Establishments (in the districts of Kurnool, Kadapa, Anantapur and Chittoor) for the year 2023.

Maharashtra State List of Holidays - 2023

02 Dec, 2022
The Government of Maharashtra has released the State List of Holidays for the year 2023.

Paid Holiday on account of General Election in Goa

01 Dec, 2022
The Government of Goa, on account of the General Election in Village Panchayat Alorna, Casarvarnem, and Chandel- Hassapur in Pernem Taluka, has declared paid holiday for the eligible employees and workers on 09 December 2022.

Paid Holiday on account of General Election in Delhi

28 Nov, 2022
The Delhi Government, on account of the General Election of Municipal Corporation of Delhi, has declared paid holiday for the eligible employees on 04 December 2022.

Paid Holiday in Haryana for elections in Delhi

25 Nov, 2022
Haryana Government, on the account of the General Election of the Municipal Corporation of Delhi, has declared paid holiday on 04 December 2022, for the employees in shops and commercial establishments, who are enrolled as voters in Delhi.

Paid Holiday in Haryana on account of election in Rajasthan

25 Nov, 2022
The Haryana Government has declared paid holiday on 05 December 2022,on account of the Bye Election in 21-Sardarshahar Assembly Constituency of Churu District, Rajasthan for the employees in shops and commercial establishments, who are enrolled as voters in the constituency.

Karnataka State List of Holidays - 2023

21 Nov, 2022
Karnataka Government has released the State List of Holidays for the year 2023.

Tripura State List of Holidays - 2023

17 Nov, 2022
The Government of Tripura has released the state list of holidays for the year 2023.

NCT Delhi Holiday List - 2023

17 Nov, 2022
The Government of NCT Delhi has released the holiday list for the year 2023.

Rajasthan State List of Holidays - 2023

16 Nov, 2022
The Govt. of Rajasthan has released its state list of holidays for the year 2023.

Telangana State List of Holidays - 2023

15 Nov, 2022
The Government of Telangana has released holiday list for the year 2023.

Paid Holiday on account of General Election in Gujarat

15 Nov, 2022
The Government of Gujarat has declared paid holiday for the eligible employees of shops and establishments on account of General Election of the Legislative Assembly in Gujarat on 01 December 2022 and 05 December 2022.

Uttar Pradesh State List of Holidays - 2023

15 Nov, 2022
The Government of Uttar Pradesh has declared the List of General Holidays for the year 2023.

Meghalaya List of Holidays - 2023

15 Nov, 2022
The Government of Meghalaya has released the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Holiday in Haryana for Elections in Himachal Pradesh

10 Nov, 2022
On the Account of the General Election of the Legislative Assembly in Himachal Pradesh, the Government of Haryana has declared paid holiday for the employees of shops and establishments, enrolled as voters in the State of Himachal Pradesh.

Paid Holiday for Gram Panchayat Election in Sikkim

07 Nov, 2022
Sikkim Government grants paid holiday on 10 November 2022 (Thursday) on account of the General Panchayat Elections for all voters of Gram Panchayats and Zilla Panchayats where the clections are being held.

Gujarat State List of Holidays - 2023

05 Nov, 2022
The Government of Gujarat has released General List of public holidays for the year 2023.

Paid Holiday in Haryana for General Elections

04 Nov, 2022
The Government of Haryana, on account of the General Election of the Members of the Zila Parishads, Panchayat Samitis, and Gram Panchayats has declared paid holiday for eligible employees on 22nd November 2022 (Tuesday) and 25th November (Friday) in Faridabad, Fatehabad, Hisar, and Palwal districts.

Retail enterprises can be open 365 days in Andhra Pradesh

01 Nov, 2022
The Government of Andhra Pradesh has notified allowing all the retail enterprises to keep open every day of the year for a period of five years. All retail enterprises are exempted from applicability of sections 7,9, 12, 23, 31 & 37 of the AP Shops Act for five years from the date of issue of this notification.

Odisha State List of Holidays - 2023

01 Nov, 2022
Odisha Government has published the list of holidays for the year 2023.

Paid Holiday on account of General Election in Haryana

28 Oct, 2022
The Government of Haryana, on account of the General Election of the Members of Zila Parisads and Panchayat Samitishas, has declared a paid holiday for eligible employees, working in shops and commercial establishments on 09 November 2022 (Wednesday) for the districts of Ambala, Charkhi Dadri, Gurugram, Karnal, Kurukshertra, Rewari, Rohtak, Sirsa and Sonipat and on 12 November 2022 (Saturday) for the districts except for Gram Panchayat Sambhalkha of Block Ladwa, District Kurukshetra.

Shops and Establishments permitted to remain open 24 x 7 in Puducherry

27 Oct, 2022
Puducherry Labour Department has notified that employers can keep the shops and establishments open 24 x 7 for a period of 3 years subject to certain conditions as specified in the said notification.

Kerala State List of Holidays - 2023

26 Oct, 2022
Kerala Government has published the List of Holidays for the year 2023.

Andaman and Nicobar UT List of Holidays - 2023

25 Oct, 2022
The Govt. of Andaman and Nicobar Islands has released the list of holidays for the year 2023.

West Bengal State List of Holidays - 2023

21 Oct, 2022
West Bengal Govt. has released its list of Holidays for the year 2023.

Goa State List of Holidays - 2023

19 Oct, 2022
The Government of Goa has released the List of Holidays for the year 2023.

Paid holiday in Haryana for election in specified districts

14 Oct, 2022
The Labour Department of Haryana has notified granting paid holiday on 30 October 2022 (Sunday) and 02 November 2022 (Wednesday) in Bhiwani, Fatehabad, Jhajjar, Jind, Kaithal, Mahendergarh, Nuh, Panchkula, Panipat and Yamunanagar districts to all the workers and employees enrolled as voters for the General election of the Panches, Sarpanch of Gram Panchayats, Member of Panchayat Samitis and Zila Parishads.

Sikkim List of Holidays - 2023

14 Oct, 2022
Sikkim Government has released its list of holidays for the year 2023.

Telangana exempts establishments to employ women in night shifts

13 Oct, 2022
Government of Telangana has notified exempting all the shops and establishments from the applicability of provision related to working hours of women between 8.30 P.M. to 6.00 A.M, subject to the prescribed conditions.

Chhattisgarh Holidays List - 2023

11 Oct, 2022
The Government of Chhattisgarh has released the holidays list for the year 2023.

Holiday for Bye-Election in Telangana

01 Oct, 2022
The Government of Telangana, on account of the Bye-Elections, declared a public holiday on 03 November 2022 in the area of 93-Munugode Assembly Constituency, Nalgonda, and Yadadri Bhuvanagiri districts.

Bihar List of Public Holidays FY 2023

31 Aug, 2022
The Government of Bihar has notified the list of public holidays for the year 2023.

Paid holiday on 10 Aug 2023 in Goa for general election

26 Aug, 2022
On account of general elections, Goa government has declared 10 August 2023 as a paid holiday throughout the State of Goa.

Holiday in Uttar Pradesh for Janmashtami

17 Aug, 2022
The Uttar Pradesh Government declared 19 Aug as Holiday instead of 18 Aug 2022 for the festival Krishna Janmashtami.

Holiday in Haryana for Janmashtami

17 Aug, 2022
Haryana Government has notified that the holiday for Krishna Janmashtami shall be on 19 August 2022 instead of 18 August 2022 to all government offices, boards and corporations, educational and other institutions.

Online Application for Exemption under Delhi Shops Act

05 Aug, 2022
Delhi Labour Department has launched online service to apply for exemptions under the Delhi Shops and Establishments Act.
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