A job specification, also known as a job profile, is a document that outlines the specific skills, qualifications and experience that are required for a particular job. Typically used in conjunction with a job description, it provides potential candidates with detailed information about the requirements of the role.
Job specifications are an important part of the recruitment process, as they help to ensure that only qualified candidates apply for the position and that the selected individual has the necessary skills and experience to succeed in the role. They are also used to evaluate the performance of employees and determine if they are meeting the expectations of the job.
While a job specification focuses on the specific qualifications and skills that a candidate must have in order to be considered for the role, a job description provides a more general overview of the job duties and responsibilities. A job specification may be included as part of a job description, but it is not the same thing. In general, a job specification is more detailed and specific than a job description and is used to help identify and evaluate candidates who are qualified for the role. A job description, on the other hand, is a broader document that is used to provide potential candidates with an overview of the job and what it entails.
The different types of job specifications: