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The Employees' State Insurance Corporation is one of the two main social security bodies under the Government of India's Ministry of Labor and Employment.

The Employees' State Insurance Scheme is an integrated measure of Social Insurance embodied in the Employees' State Insurance Act, 1948. It aims to protect employees against the impact of sickness, maternity, disablement and death due to employment injury. It also provides medical care to insured persons and their families.

The ESI scheme applies to all the employees in factories or establishments to which the ESI Act applies.

The amount payable to the Corporation includes the contribution of the employer and employee at a specified rate that could be revised. The employee's contribution is salary deduction. The ESI contribution of the employee is one of the Salary Deduction. Employees earning a daily wage below a particular threshold are exempted. However, their employers have to contribute their share for the benefit of these employees.

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